By Professor Sailendra Nath Sen, M.A.,D.Phil.,D Lit
Retired Professor, History, Calcutta University
Honorary Professor, Calcutta University (Since 2005)
Fellow , Asiatic Society

History of the freedom movement in Chandernagor forms an interesting study of modern Indian history as after the final exit of the British from the Indian Sub-Continent, Chandernagor was the first foreign settlement in India to be freed from the bondage of the French through peaceful means by holding a Referendum on June 19, 1949.

It received great impetus after the attainment of Indian independence on August 15, 1947. The ‘de-facto’ transfer of Chandernagor took place on 2 May, 1950 and the last French Administrator, Tailleur, handed over the charge to the new Indian Administrator Mr B K Banerjee. Finally the Treaty of Cession was signed on 2 Feb 1951. On 11 April 1952, the French National Assembly ratified the Franco-Indian Treaty.

The Archives d’ OutreMer in Aix-en Provenco in France, Archives Diplomatiques in the Ministry of External Affairs, Paris, provide interesting information. Heatherto unknown about the genesis progress and the penultimate phase of the Freedom Movement in Chandernagor. Moreover the work has been enriched by the materials kept in the custody of Mr Debendra Nath Das, President, Administrative Council and Member, Advisory Council, Chandernagor, which the author has had the good fortune of studying the unexplored source.

The author has come across important Confidential Report of the Revolutionaries of Chandernagor in the Home Polititical Department of National Archives, New Delhi.

On the traces of the French roots in Chandernagor